Application #21: Inguinal Canal Copy

Lesson
Materials

Inguinal Canal

Anatomy:
The inguinal canal is a short passage that extends inferiorly and medially through the inferior part of the abdominal wall. It is superior and parallel to the inguinal ligament. The canal serves as a pathway by which structures can pass from the abdominal wall to the external genitalia.

Innervation:
The contents of the inguinal canal in males consist of the spermatic cord (with the genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve) and the ilioinguinal nerve. For females, the contents include the round ligament, genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve, and the ilioinguinal nerve.

Vasculature:
The inguinal canal is a passage in the lower anterior abdominal wall located just above the inguinal ligament. It starts from the internal inguinal orifice, extends medially and inferiorly through the abdominal wall layers and ends in the external inguinal orifice. This canal is about four to six centimeters in length.

Possible Effects of a Strike:
  • Hard strike can lead to necrosis from strangulation of trapped intestines
  • bowel obstruction